# IGARSS 2010 Paper Submission Kit

Blocks highlighted in green refer to procedures for abstract formatting and submission.

## Part I: General Information

#### Procedure

As in the past, a two step evaluation/submisssion procedure is being used for IGARSS 2010:

• Abstract Submission
• Authors who wish to participate in the conference must submit an abstract (minimum of two pages; maximum of four pages) consisting of a complete description of their ideas and applicable research results. Detailed specifications for the abstract content and format are provided below.
• The abstract is to be submitted electronically at http://www.igarss2010.org/Papers.asp and copyright form is to be submitted by fax to +1-832-426-7760 (USA) or email (scanned document in PDF or JPEG format) to copyright@igarss2010.org. This abstract must be submitted by December 11, 2009.
• The status of all submissions will be available on the IGARSS 2010 website. The status page indicates successful receipt of an abstract and copyright form, whether the submission has passed formatting inspection, and whether the paper is accepted. For full paper submissions the status page indicates whether the full paper is uploaded, and whether that file has passed formatting inspection.
• Abstract submissions will be reviewed by experts selected by the conference committee for their demonstrated knowledge of particular topics. The progress and results of the review process will be posted on this website and authors will also be notified of the review results by email no later than March 26, 2010.
• If your abstract is accepted, you may choose to submit a full paper and present it at the conference.
• Full Paper Submission
• Authors who wish to participate in the conference will submit a paper (maximum of four pages) consisting of a complete description of their ideas and applicable research results. Detailed directions concerning the formatting of the paper and the submission process are provided below.
• The paper is to be submitted electronically through links provided on the website. This submitted document is required to be in final, publishable form before the deadline listed below.
• The IGARSS 2010 website will be updated for the status of your paper.
• The authors of accepted papers are required to prepare a lecture or poster presentation following the guidelines included in this document.

The review process is being conducted entirely online. To expedite the review process, and to assure that the paper submissions will be readable through the online review system, we request that authors submit full paper documents that are formatted according to the Paper Kit instructions included here. For similar reasons, authors are strongly encouraged, though not required, to format the abstracts submissions using these tools as well.

#### Requirements for Abstracts

• Abstract deadline is December 11, 2010 for both contributed and invited submissions.
• All abstracts must be written in English.
• The minimum page limit for all abstracts is two single sided pages. The maximum page limit is 4 pages. Use Times New Roman font, 11 or 12 point, 1.5 line spacing. Please note this is a change from previous years.
• Abstracts should state clearly and concisely the problem, methodology used and central conclusions, and may include figures and graphs.
• Abstracts must include a bibliography to help reviewers place the contributions of the work into context. Please note this is a change in policy from previous years.
• A maximum of two abstracts may be submitted by each presenting author, including both general and invited sessions. Please note this is a change in policy from previous years.
• Every author is responsible for checking the status of their abstract by visiting the symposium website, www.igarss2010.org after March 26, 2010. Acceptance letters will be sent via email only, and the results posted on the website.
• Authors of accepted papers will have an opportunity to revise their abstracts for inclusion on the electronic media until May 7, 2010.
• The electronic system will enable full proceedings papers to be accepted until July 2, 2010.

#### Requirements for Full Papers

• Papers can be no longer than 4 pages, including all text, figures, and references.
• Papers must be submitted by the deadline date. There will be no exceptions.
• Papers must be presented at the conference in order to be published.
• Papers must be formatted according to the directions below to be published.
• Students paying a reduced student registration may only register one presentation at the symposium. Regular delegates will be allowed to register up to two presentations.

 Abstract Deadline December 11, 2009 Student Paper Competition Deadline December 11, 2009 Abstract Status Available On-line March 26, 2010 Deadline for Revisions to Accepted Abstracts May 7, 2010 Publishing Author Registration Deadline May 7, 2010 Full Paper Submission Deadline July 2, 2010

#### Correspondence

Please make sure to put the conference name (IGARSS 2010) and the paper number that is assigned to you on all correspondence.

Additional questions regarding submission of papers should be directed to the following address:

Conference Management Services, Inc.
3833 S. Texas Avenue, Suite 221
Bryan, TX 77802-4015, USA
(979) 846-6800
(832) 426-7760 [fax]

## Part IIa: Preparation of the Abstract

#### Document Formatting

Use the following guidelines when preparing your abstract:

LENGTH: You are allowed a minimum of 2 pages and maximum of 4 pages for your abstract. This is the maximum number of pages that will be accepted, including all figures, tables, and references. Any documents that exceed the 4 page limit or fail to meet the 2 page minimum will be rejected.

LANGUAGE: All proposals must be in English.

MARGINS: Documents should be formatted for standard letter-size (8-1/2 in. by 11 in.) or A4 (210mm by 297mm) paper

• All text and figures should be contained in a 178 mm x 229 mm (7 inch x 9 inch) image area.
• The left margin must be 19 mm (0.75 inch).
• The top margin must be 25 mm (1.0 inch), except for the title page where it must be 35 mm (1.375 inches).
• On the first page, the top 50 mm (2") is reserved for the title, author(s), and affiliation(s). These items should be centered on the page, starting at 35 mm (1.375 inches) from the top of the page.

TYPE:

Face: To achieve the best viewing experience for the review process and conference proceedings, we strongly encourage authors to use Times-Roman or Computer Modern fonts. If a font face is used that is not recognized by the submission system, your proposal will not be reproduced correctly.

Size: Use a font size that is no smaller than 11 points and no larger than 12 points throughout the paper, including figure captions.

TITLE: The paper title should appear in boldface letters and should be in ALL CAPITALS. Do not use LaTeX math notation ($x_y$) in the title; the title should be representable in the Unicode character set. Also try to avoid uncommon acronyms in the title.

AUTHOR LIST: The authors' name(s) and affiliation(s) appear below the title in capital and lower case letters. Proposals with multiple authors and affiliations may require two or more lines for this information. The order of the authors on the document should exactly match in number and order the authors typed into the online submission form.

BODY: Major headings appear in boldface CAPITAL letters, centered on the page. Subheadings appear in capital and lower case, either underlined or in boldface. They start at the left margin of the page on a separate line. Sub-subheadings are discouraged, but if they must be used, they should appear in capital and lower case, and start at the left margin on a separate line. They may be underlined or in italics.

REFERENCES: List and number all references at the end of the document. The references can be numbered in alphabetical order or in order of appearance in the paper. When referring to them in the text, type the corresponding reference number in square brackets as shown at the end of this sentence [1]. The end of the document should include a list of references containing information similar to the following example:

[1] J. P. Kerekes and J. E. Baum, "Full-Spectrum Spectral Imaging System Analytical Model," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 571-580, Mar. 2005.

[2] A. B. Tarokh and E. L. Miller, "Subsurface Sensing under Sensor Positional Uncertainty," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 675-688, Mar. 2007.

ILLUSTRATIONS & COLOR: Illustrations must appear within the designated margins. If possible, position illustrations at the top of pages, rather than in the middle or at the bottom. Caption and number every illustration. All halftone illustrations must be clear when printed on a black-only printer. Be sure that your images are acceptable when printed in black and white (the CD-ROM and IEEE Xplore proceedings will retain the colors in your document).

PAGE NUMBERS: Do not put page numbers on your document. Appropriate page numbers will be added to accepted papers when the conference proceedings are assembled.

#### Templates

The following style files and templates are available for users of LaTeX and Microsoft Word:

We recommend that you use the Word file or LaTeX files to produce your document, since they have been set up to meet the formatting guidelines listed above. When using these files, double-check the paper size in your page setup to make sure you are using the letter-size (8.5 in. by 11 in.) or A4 (210mm by 297mm) paper layout . The LaTeX environment files specify suitable margins, page layout, text, and a bibliography style.

In particular, with LaTeX, there are cases where the top-margin of the resulting Postscript or PDF file does not meet the specified parameters. In this case, you may need to add a \topmargin=0mm command just after the \begin{document} command in your .tex file. The spacing of the top margin is not critical, as the page contents will be adjusted on the proceedings. The critical dimensions are the actual width and height of the page content.

## Part IIb: Submission of the Abstract

The review process will be performed from the electronic submission of your abstract. To ensure that your document is compatible with the review system, please adhere to the following compatibility requirements:

#### File Format

Papers must be submitted in either PostScript (PS) or Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) format.

PDF and Postscript files:

• must not have Adobe Document Protection or Document Security enabled,
• must have either 'US Letter' or 'A4' sized pages,
• must be in first-page-first order, and
• must have ALL FONTS embedded and subset.

ALL FONTS MUST be embedded in the PDF or PostScript file. There is no guarantee that the reviewers of the abstract have the same fonts used in the document. If fonts are not embedded in the submission, you will be contacted by CMS and asked to submit a file that has all fonts embedded. Please refer to your PDF or PS file generation utility's user guide to find out how to embed all fonts.

#### Creating a Postscript (PS) File

Windows users: To save a document as a PostScript file:

• Install and select a PostScript printer driver. We recommend Adobe Systems' PostScript Driver.
• Select the PostScript printer which will be used to generate the file.
• Select the Print to File check box, and then click OK.
• In the File name box, type a file name. The file is saved with a '.prn' extension by default. Rename the file to give it the extension '.ps'.

Macintosh users: To save a document as a PostScript file:

• Install and select a PostScript printer driver. We recommend Adobe Systems' PostScript Driver.
• Go down to "Save as File."
• Make the following selections:
• Format: PostScript Job
• PostScript Level: Level 1 Compatible
• Data Format: BINARY
• Font Inclusion: All
• Destination: File
• Click "Save" and specify a file name.

#### File Size Limit

Authors will be permitted to submit a document file up to 5 MB (megabytes) in size. To request an exception, contact the paper submission technical support at: papers@igarss2010.org.

#### File Name

The filename of the document file should be the first author's last name, followed by the appropriate extension (.ps or .pdf). For example, if the first author's name is Johan Smith, you would submit your file as "smith.ps" or "smith.pdf". To speed transmission of your PostScript and PDF files, you may use a compression utility that will produce compressed archives that are 100% compatible with the ZIP compression format defined by PKWare or the GZip format common on UNIX and Linux systems. Such a utility can be downloaded from PKWare's website at: www.pkware.com. This compression is not required, but it is allowed and encouraged so that file transfer times may be reduced. If you do submit a compressed version of the document file, use the same filename specification mentioned earlier, with the appropriate file extension (for example, "smith.zip" or "smith.gz"). The paper submission process will append the filename with a unique identifier when it is stored on our system, so multiple submissions with the same name will not overwrite each other and will be distinguishable.

#### Electronic Paper Submission

When you have your document file ready, gather the following information before entering the submission system:

• Document file in PDF or PS format
• Paper title

To submit your document and author information, go to the 'Abstract Submission' link on the IGARSS 2010 homepage:

The submission system will present an entry form to allow you to enter the paper title, paper topic, and author contact information.

ALL authors must be entered in the online form, and must appear in the online form in the same order in which the authors appear on the PDF.

#### Online Review Process

Your submitted abstract will be converted to PDF format by the submission system if necessary, then visually inspected by our submission system staff to assure that the document is readable and meets all formatting requirements to be included in a visually pleasing and consistant proceedings publication for IGARSS 2010. If our submission inspectors encounter errors with your submitted file, they will contact you to resolve the issue. If your paper passes inspection, it will be entered into the review process. A committee of reviewers selected by the conference committee will review the documents and rate them according to quality, relevence, and correctness. The conference technical committee will use these reviews to determine which papers will be accepted for presentation in the conference. The result of the technical committee's decision will be communicated to the submitting authors by email, along with any reviewer comments, if any.

After you submit your document, you may monitor the status of your paper as it progresses through the submission and review process by using the Paper Status website available at:

Authors will be notified of paper acceptance or non-acceptance by email as close as possible to the published author notification date. The email notification will include the presentation format chosen for your paper (lecture or poster) and may also include the presentation date and time, if available.

The notification email will include comments from the reviewers. The conference cannot guarantee that all of the reviewers will provide the level of comment desired by you. However, reviewers are encouraged to submit as detailed comments as possible.

Because of the short amount of time between paper acceptance decisions and the beginning of the publication process, IGARSS 2010 is not able to allow for a two-way discourse between the authors and the reviewers of a paper. If there appears to be a logistical error in the reviewer comments, such as the reviewer commenting on the wrong paper, etc., please contact IGARSS 2010 at papers@igarss2010.org.

#### Required Author Registration

Be sure that at least one author registers to attend the conference using the online registration system available through the conference website. Each accepted paper being presented must have at least one author registered, with the payment received by the author registration deadline (see above) to avoid being withdrawn from the conference.

## Part IIIa: Preparation of the Full Paper

#### Document Formatting

Use the following guidelines when preparing your full paper:

LENGTH: You are allowed a total of 4 pages for your document. This is the maximum number of pages that will be accepted, including all figures, tables, and references. Any documents that exceed the 4 page limit will be rejected.

LANGUAGE: All proposals must be in English.

MARGINS: Documents should be formatted for standard letter-size (8-1/2" by 11" or 216mm by 279mm) paper. Any text or other material outside the margins specified below will not be accepted:

• All text and figures must be contained in a 178 mm x 229 mm (7 inch x 9 inch) image area.
• The left margin must be 19 mm (0.75 inch).
• The top margin must be 25 mm (1.0 inch), except for the title page where it must be 35 mm (1.375 inches).
• Text should appear in two columns, each 86 mm (3.39 inch) wide with 6 mm (0.24 inch) space between columns.
• On the first page, the top 50 mm (2") of both columns is reserved for the title, author(s), and affiliation(s). These items should be centered across both columns, starting at 35 mm (1.375 inches) from the top of the page.
• The paper abstract should appear at the top of the left-hand column of text, about 12 mm (0.5") below the title area and no more than 80 mm (3.125") in length. Leave 12 mm (0.5") of space between the end of the abstract and the beginning of the main text.

TYPE:

Face: To achieve the best viewing experience for the review process and conference proceedings, we strongly encourage authors to use Times-Roman or Computer Modern fonts. If a font face is used that is not recognized by the submission system, your proposal will not be reproduced correctly.

Size: Use a font size that is no smaller than 9 points throughout the paper, including figure captions. In 9-point type font, capital letters are 2 mm high. For 9-point type font, there should be no more than 3.2 lines/cm (8 lines/inch) vertically. This is a minimum spacing; 2.75 lines/cm (7 lines/inch) will make the proposal much more readable. Larger type sizes require correspondingly larger vertical spacing.

TITLE: The paper title must appear in boldface letters and should be in ALL CAPITALS. Do not use LaTeX math notation ($x_y$) in the title; the title must be representable in the Unicode character set. Also try to avoid uncommon acronyms in the title.

AUTHOR LIST: The authors' name(s) and affiliation(s) appear below the title in capital and lower case letters. Proposals with multiple authors and affiliations may require two or more lines for this information. The order of the authors on the document should exactly match in number and order the authors typed into the online submission form.

ABSTRACT: Each paper should contain an abstract paragraph of 100 to 150 words that appears at the beginning of the document.

INDEX TERMS (KEYWORDS): Enter up to 5 keywords separated by commas. Keywords may be selected from the IEEE keyword list found at: http://www.ieee.org/organizations/pubs/ani_prod/keywrd98.txt.

BODY: Major headings appear in boldface CAPITAL letters, centered in the column. Subheadings appear in capital and lower case, either underlined or in boldface. They start at the left margin of the column on a separate line. Sub-subheadings are discouraged, but if they must be used, they should appear in capital and lower case, and start at the left margin on a separate line. They may be underlined or in italics.

REFERENCES: List and number all references at the end of the document. The references can be numbered in alphabetical order or in order of appearance in the paper. When referring to them in the text, type the corresponding reference number in square brackets as shown at the end of this sentence [1]. The end of the document should include a list of references containing information similar to the following example:

[1] J. P. Kerekes and J. E. Baum, "Full-Spectrum Spectral Imaging System Analytical Model," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 571-580, Mar. 2005.

[2] A. B. Tarokh and E. L. Miller, "Subsurface Sensing under Sensor Positional Uncertainty," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 675-688, Mar. 2007.

ILLUSTRATIONS & COLOR: Illustrations must appear within the designated margins. They may span the two columns. If possible, position illustrations at the top of columns, rather than in the middle or at the bottom. Caption and number every illustration. All halftone illustrations must be clear when printed on a black-only printer. Be sure that your images are acceptable when printed in black and white (the CD-ROM and IEEE Xplore proceedings will retain the colors in your document).

PAGE NUMBERS: Do not put page numbers on your document. Appropriate page numbers will be added to accepted papers when the conference proceedings are assembled.

#### Templates

The following style files and templates are available for users of LaTeX and Microsoft Word:

We recommend that you use the Word file or LaTeX files to produce your document, since they have been set up to meet the formatting guidelines listed above. When using these files, double-check the paper size in your page setup to make sure you are using the letter-size paper layout (8.5" X 11"). The LaTeX environment files specify suitable margins, page layout, text, and a bibliography style.

In particular, with LaTeX, there are cases where the top-margin of the resulting Postscript or PDF file does not meet the specified parameters. In this case, you may need to add a \topmargin=0mm command just after the \begin{document} command in your .tex file. The spacing of the top margin is not critical, as the page contents will be adjusted on the proceedings. The critical dimensions are the actual width and height of the page content.

## Part IIIb: Submission of the Full Paper

The review process will be performed from the electronic submission of your paper. To ensure that your document is compatible with the review system, please adhere to the following compatibility requirements:

#### File Format

Papers must be submitted in either PostScript (PS) or Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) format.

PDF and Postscript files:

• must not have Adobe Document Protection or Document Security enabled,
• must have either 'US Letter' or 'A4' sized pages,
• must be in first-page-first order, and
• must have ALL FONTS embedded and subset.

ALL FONTS MUST be embedded in the PDF or PostScript file. There is no guarantee that the viewers of the paper (reviewers and those who view the proceedings CD-ROM after publication) have the same fonts used in the document. If fonts are not embedded in the submission, you will be contacted by CMS and asked to submit a file that has all fonts embedded. Please refer to your PDF or PS file generation utility's user guide to find out how to embed all fonts.

#### Creating a Postscript (PS) File

Windows users: To save a document as a PostScript file:

• Install and select a PostScript printer driver. We recommend Adobe Systems' PostScript Driver.
• Select the PostScript printer which will be used to generate the file.
• Select the Print to File check box, and then click OK.
• In the File name box, type a file name. The file is saved with a '.prn' extension by default. Rename the file to give it the extension '.ps'.

Macintosh users: To save a document as a PostScript file:

• Install and select a PostScript printer driver. We recommend Adobe Systems' PostScript Driver.
• Go down to "Save as File."
• Make the following selections:
• Format: PostScript Job
• PostScript Level: Level 1 Compatible
• Data Format: BINARY
• Font Inclusion: All
• Destination: File
• Click "Save" and specify a file name.

#### File Size Limit

Authors will be permitted to submit a document file up to 5 MB (megabytes) in size. To request an exception, contact the paper submission technical support at: papers@igarss2010.org.

#### File Name

The filename of the document file should be the first author's last name, followed by the appropriate extension (.ps or .pdf). For example, if the first author's name is Johan Smith, you would submit your file as "smith.ps" or "smith.pdf". To speed transmission of your PostScript and PDF files, you may use a compression utility that will produce compressed archives that are 100% compatible with the ZIP compression format defined by PKWare or the GZip format common on UNIX and Linux systems. Such a utility can be downloaded from PKWare's website at: www.pkware.com. This compression is not required, but it is allowed and encouraged so that file transfer times may be reduced. If you do submit a compressed version of the document file, use the same filename specification mentioned earlier, with the appropriate file extension (for example, "smith.zip" or "smith.gz"). The paper submission process will append the filename with a unique identifier when it is stored on our system, so multiple submissions with the same name will not overwrite each other and will be distinguishable.

#### Electronic Paper Submission

When you have your document file ready, gather the following information before entering the submission system:

• Document file in PDF or PS format
• Paper title

To submit your document and author information, go to the 'Paper Submission' link on the IGARSS 2010 homepage:

The submission system will present an entry form to allow you to update the paper information from your abstract and to upload the full paper.

ALL authors must be entered in the online form, and must appear in the online form in the same order in which the authors appear on the PDF.

The copyright form must be received by us before the paper submission deadline. In the event your paper is not accepted, the form becomes null and void.

#### Inspection Process

Your submitted paper will be converted to PDF format by the submission system if necessary, then visually inspected by our submission system staff to assure that the document is readable and meets all formatting requirements to be included in a visually pleasing and consistant proceedings publication for IGARSS 2010. If our submission inspectors encounter errors with your submitted file, they will contact you to resolve the issue. If your paper passes inspection, it will be entered into the review process. A committee of reviewers selected by the conference committee will review the documents and rate them according to quality, relevence, and correctness. The conference technical committee will use these reviews to determine which papers will be accepted for presentation in the conference. The result of the technical committee's decision will be communicated to the submitting authors by email, along with any reviewer comments, if any.

After you submit your document, you may monitor the status of your paper as it progresses through the inspection process by using the Paper Status website available at:

#### Required Author Registration

Be sure that at least one author registers to attend the conference using the online registration system available through the conference website. Each accepted paper must have at least one author registered, with the payment received by the author registration deadline (see above) to avoid being withdrawn from the conference.

#### Copyright Issues for Web Publication

If you plan to publish a copy of an accepted paper on the Internet by any means, you MUST display the following IEEE copyright notice on the first page that displays IEEE published (and copyrighted) material:

Copyright 2010 IEEE. Published in the IEEE 2010 International Geoscience & Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2010), scheduled for July 25-30, 2010 in Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works, must be obtained from the IEEE. Contact: Manager, Copyrights and Permissions / IEEE Service Center / 445 Hoes Lane / P.O. Box 1331 / Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331, USA. Telephone: + Intl. 908-562-3966.

If you post an electronic version of an accepted paper, you must provide the IEEE with the electronic address (URL, FTP address, etc.) of the posting.

## Part IV: Preparation of the Presentation

When we send the review results for your paper by email, that email message will specify whether accepted papers have been assigned for presentation in a poster session or lecture (oral) session. To help authors prepare for lecture and poster presentations, the following suggestions have been created:

### Lecture Presentations

Presentation time is critical: each paper is allocated 20 minutes for oral sessions. We recommend that presentation of your slides should take about 17-18 minutes, leaving 2-3 minutes for introduction, summary, and questions from the audience. To achieve appropriate timing, organize your slides or viewgraphs around the points you intend to make, using no more than one slide per minute. A reasonable strategy is to allocate about 2 minutes per slide when there are equations or important key points to make, and one minute per slide when the content is less complex. Slides attract and hold attention, and reinforce what you say - provided you keep them simple and easy to read. Plan on covering at most 6 points per slide, covered by 6 to 12 spoken sentences and no more than about two spoken minutes.

A computer-driven slideshow for use with a data projector is recommended for your talk at IGARSS. All presentation rooms will be equipped with a computer, a data projector, a microphone (for large rooms), a lectern, and a pointing device. An overhead projector will be provided upon request. If you need any other audio or visual equipment, such as a PAL or NTSC VHS player, or 35mm slide projector, please send a request for such equipment by email to papers@igarss2010.org. Such requests must be received by one month before the conference date. Failure to make prior arrangements may mean that the equipment will not be available to you.

Some of the lecture presentations will be given in quite large lecture halls. We recommend that you prepare your slides according to the following guidelines to ensure that the entire audience will be able to see your presentation. Your Session Chair might contact you in advance of the conference to request copies of your visual aids for approval before the conference.

Transparencies (viewgraphs) should be oriented vertically. Their contents should fit within a rectangle 19cm wide by 23cm high. Lettering: A minimum font (type) size of 24 point (capital letters at least 6mm high) should be used, set in a "sans serif" font (for example "cmss" in the Computer Modern family or the "Helvetica" PostScript font). Spacing: A minimum of 5mm of blank space should be left between lines; more is preferable. Leave as much "white space" as possible to make them easily readable. Following these guidelines, you will easily be able to put as much information on the viewgraph as your audience can absorb in one minute. Remember, you can expand upon some points in your lecture presentation; the viewgraphs need not contain every minor piece of information. It is more important that they be easily readable by the audience.

35mm slides may be formatted either vertically or horizontally. In other respects, slides must conform to the same standards as set out above for viewgraphs, scaled down appropriately. In particular, the type size should be no smaller than 0.8mm and the line spacing should be at least 0.7mm on the 35mm slide.

It is important that the sessions remain on time. The session chair(s) are responsible for keeping presentations on schedule. Any setup time you use is part of your overall 20 minute presentation time, so it is a good idea to check your visual aids before the session begins.

You should arrive to your session room 15-20 minutes before the session begins to meet with the session chair, who should be near the stage/lectern. If you wish to practice setting up your slides or pre-load them onto the provided computer, you should do so before the session begins.

Please do not attempt to use your own computer to connect to the projector. For speed and efficiency, use only the conference-provided computer for displaying your presentation visual aids.

### Poster Presentations

Poster sessions are a good medium for authors to present papers and meet with interested attendees for in-depth technical discussions. In addition, attendees find the poster sessions a good way to sample many papers in parallel sessions. Thus it is important that you display your message clearly and noticeably to attract people who might have an interest in your paper.

Your poster should cover the key points of your work. It need not, and should not, attempt to include all the details; you can describe them in person to people who are interested. The ideal poster is designed to attract attention, provide a brief overview of your work, and initiate discussion. Carefully and completely prepare your poster well in advance of the conference. Try tacking up the poster before you leave for the conference to see what it will look like and to make sure that you have all of the necessary pieces.

The space avaiable for your poster on the board is 1 meter by 1 meter (approximately 3.3 ft. by 3.3 ft.). Push tacks or velcro adhesive will be provided at the conference to mount your poster to the board.